Cancer Statistics

Breast Cancer Statistics

American Cancer Society 2014 Statistics:

• Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women between ages of 40-59.
• Age dependent…the older you get your risk increases.
• 1 in 8 (12.28%) women in the US will develop invasive breast cancer during her lifetime.
• About 232,670 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women. (NOT including insitu pre-invasive cancers)
• About 40,000 women will die from breast cancer

Breast Cancer Facts

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is second only to lung cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. It affects one of every eight American women.

The Center for Disease Control estimates that more than 192,370 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and the number of new cases has declined over the past decade. More than 40,000 women lose their lives to this disease annually.

Men can develop breast cancer, but it happens much less often than in women. Nearly 2,000 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year.

Gynecological Cancer Statistics

The American Cancer Society (2014 statistics):

Gynecologic cancer is a catchall term for cancers originating in the female reproductive organs. (cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, endometrial or uterine cancer, ovarian cancer and vulvar cancer)

Diagnosed cases of gynecologic cancer in the United States each year, about half of which are uterine cancer.

Ovarian cancer - the “silent killer” is the second most common gynecologic cancer.
• About 21,980 women will receive a new diagnosis of ovarian cancer.
• About 14,270 women will die from ovarian cancer.accounts for 3% of cancers among women but causes more deaths than any other reproductive cancer.

Uterine cancer is the most common of Gyn cancers, (the body of the uterus).
• About 52,630 new cases of cancer of the uterine corpus will be diagnosed, but only about 1,600 of these cases will be uterine sarcomas.
• About 8,590 women in the United States will die from cancer of the uterine corpus.
• Vaginal cancer develops in the birth canal that connects the vulva to the uterus, and vulvar cancer, which usually (but not always) affects women over 50, there are about 4,000 diagnoses a year.

Cervical cancer.
• About 12,360 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed. 
• About 4,020 women will die from cervical cancer.
• Cervical cancer has declined by 70% (1955-1952) due to Pap tests

Cervical Cancer Facts

The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 12,000 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer (cancer that has spread outside the cervix) each year. It is one of the main cancers of the female reproductive organs.

The cervix is in the bottom part of the uterus (or womb, where a baby grows). It joins the uterus to the vagina (birth canal).

Most women who develop cervical cancer are between 20 and 50 years old. It used to be one of the main causes of death from cancer in the United States, but the widespread use of the Pap test has helped doctors find cervical cancer in the early stages. Cervical cancer often can be treated successfully when it is caught and treated early.

Before cervical cancer appears, the cells of the cervix go through precancerous changes, known as dysplasia. Usually this is a slow process that develops over many years.

An annual Pap test looks for these changes. If precancerous cells are found, they often can be removed.

Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), which usually is passed from person to person by sexual contact. The American Cancer Society says about 75% of men and women who have had sex will be exposed to HPV at some point.

In most people, the immune system clears the virus before it is detected or causes cells to change. However, in a small percentage of people the virus will remain and cause cell changes that may develop into cancer.

Ovarian Cancer Facts

Each year, about 22,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with ovarian cancer. While it is the ninth most common cancer (other than skin cancer) in women, ovarian cancer is the fifth high cause of cancer death in women. Most women who develop ovarian cancer are older than 60. It is found more often in white than African-American women.

The symptoms of ovarian cancer often are vague or like other conditions. This may make it hard to diagnose. It often has spread to other parts of the body when it is found.

Over the past 20 years, the five-year survival rate for ovarian cancer has improved a lot. Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries, which are part of a woman’s reproductive system. One ovary is on each side of the uterus (womb). They are oval and produce eggs (ova) that travel through the Fallopian tubes to the uterus. The eggs may be fertilized by sperm and grow into a fetus. Ovaries also make the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Uterine Cancer Facts

Uterine cancer, or cancer of the uterus (womb), also may be called endometrial cancer. It is the fourth most common cancer in women and most common cancer of women’s reproductive organs.

Each year, more than 40,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with uterine cancer. The average age for diagnosis of uterine cancer is 60. However, the number of younger women with uterine cancer is going up. Of uterine cancers, about:
25% are found before women go through menopause
5% are found before women are 40 years old

Early Diagnosis is Key
Most uterine cancers develop over a period of years. They may start as less serious problems such as endometrial hyperplasia, which is an overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus.  Fortunately, many uterine cancers are found early because of warning signs such as abnormal or postmenopausal bleeding. If uterine cancer is found in the earliest stages, it often can be treated successfully.

Uterus Plays a Part in Reproduction
The uterus is where a fetus grows when a woman is pregnant. It is hollow and pear shaped with two main parts:
The cervix, which is the bottom part and extends into the vagina (the birth canal)
The body of the uterus is the upper part. It also may be called the corpus. It has two main parts:
Muscle wall, which contracts when a woman has a baby
Inner lining (endometrium)When a woman menstruates (has a period), the endometrium becomes thicker. If she does not become pregnant, the new endometrial tissue goes out of the body as menstrual flow (blood). This happens about every month until a woman stops having periods. When a woman stops having periods it is called menopause (change of life).

Vaginal Cancer Facts

According to the American Cancer Society, only about 2,300 women are diagnosed with vaginal cancer each year in the United States. This represents about 1% of cancers of the reproductive system in women.

The vagina sometimes is called the birth canal, because a baby passes through it during the last part of birth. It is a 3- to 4-inch tube that goes from the cervix (bottom section of the uterus or womb) to the vulva (the outside part of female genitals).

Vulvar Cancer Facts

Vulvar cancer is rare. According to the American Cancer Society, about 4,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with it each year. This accounts for fewer than 1% of cancers in women overall and about 4% of cancers of the female reproductive organs. Vulvar cancer usually grows slowly and may begin as precancerous changes that can be treated before they become cancer.  The vulva, which is part of a woman’s genitals, is at the opening of the vagina (birth canal). It includes the following main parts:

Opening of the vagina
Bartholin glands, which help lubricate the vagina during sex. One is on each side of the opening of the vagina.
Two skin folds around the opening of the vagina: Outer lips (labia majora), which are larger and have hair Inner lips (labia minora), which are small and do not have hair
Clitoris, which helps a woman feel sexual stimulation

2011 Flagler County Statistics
(Federal Medical Statistics by Florida Counties)

Number of Cancer Cases REPORTED (majority are unreported)

• All Cancers: 690
• Breast: 96
• Ovary: 12
• Cervix: NR
• Currently in our practice alone over 100 breast cancer cases.
• Numbers do not reflect patients that go to other counties or states for diagnosis &/or treatment.

Percentage of ADVANCED STAGE Cancer

• All Cancers: 47.2%
• Breast: 38.8%
• Ovary: 83.3%
• Cervix: NR
• Flagler is one of 5 Counties in Florida with the highest advanced stage breast cancer rates.

769 women a week
110 women each day
4.5 women every hour